How to find the best embedded and IoT software developers

It is a great time to be an embedded software developer or an IoT software developer today, as the demand for embedded system development and IoT software development has witnessed an unprecedented increase in the recent past. However, what is challenging is to find developers that are the right fit for your requirements. Before delving into the process of finding the best embedded software developers and IoT software developers, it is important to understand what the future looks like for these technologies.

By 2025, it is predicted that the overall installed base of Internet of Things (IoT) connected devices will make up 30.9 billion units across the globe. At the same time, there has been an increase in the demand for solutions that are meant for electric vehicles as well as different types of wearable devices. The result is that, according to predictions, the global embedded system market will witness a rise from USD 86.5 Billion in 2020 to USD 116.2 Billion by 2025. This essentially means that the CAGR of growth is 6.1%.

In 2019, the highest market share was enjoyed by the embedded software, with a market share of 71.3 %. In the product segment, software and hardware are included. Moreover, in the recent past, there has been a rise in innovations within the software segment, which was a result of the increased demand.

An acute talent shortage has resulted from the high demand for embedded software development services. LinkedIn has disclosed that, as of March 2021, organizations based in the USA were opening 3,700 vacancies in the field.
Needless to say, a lot of companies have begun to seek embedded software developers from other countries. However, where can embedded engineers be found, what are the skills that are required, and how can a reliable provider be chosen? Let’s find out.
What is an Embedded system?
Essentially, the embedded system functions as the processing core. This is a computer system with memory, a processor, as well as i/o devices. This is used extensively in microprocessors and micro-controllers. You can customize embedded systems either for a specific class of computers as well as an application or general type. An embedded system is used for a host of applications. This includes the use in portable devices, such as digital watches, ear pods to the medical imaging system, logic controllers, traffic lights, hybrid vehicles, etc. The market is also propelled by technological advancements and the decreased cost of microprocessors and microcontrollers.
Embedded systems | Oriented Soft
Firmware vs. Embedded software vs. IoT
It is crucial to understand that the three terms, firmware, embedded software, and the Internet of Things (IoT), cannot be used interchangeably. However, they are closely associated with each other. Firstly, let us define each of them to understand their differences.

Firmware is a program instruction that is written a specific single-purpose electronic device’s memory, and it engages in low-level tasks, including the conversion of sensor signals. Typically, it is written in low-level languages such as C or assembly, and then it is translated into machine code to ensure that a given device’s hardware is capable of reading and executing this code.

Embedded software is similar to firmware, as it is developed for a specific device. The primary difference is that it is written in high-level languages, such as Java, C++, or Python, and hence, embedded software tends to be more sophisticated, and therefore, is capable of engaging in high-level functions, including data processing and interaction with other devices. Interestingly, the firmware does not require operating systems to handle tasks. On the other hand, a special OS is required by embedded software.

In case an embedded system is connected to the internet, it becomes an IoT device. Hence, the Internet of Things is inclusive of an array of physical objects that are equipped with integrated software as well as a network connection that one can control and update remotely.

What makes a good embedded software engineer?
The process of IoT development is extremely complex, and there is a need for serious collaboration between a multi-disciplinary team of software engineers, product designers, and mechanical and electrical engineers, which will help ensure that the IoT devices function seamlessly.

Do note that embedded developers are equipped with technical expertise when it comes to embedded systems hardware design, such as schematic capture and PCB layout. It is also important for such professionals to have substantial expertise in a host of topics such as algorithms, design patterns, data structures, as well as control systems. They must also be experts in software architecture, as well as prototype design, firmware, hardware testing, and system integration. 
Skill set for embedded software engineer | Oriented Soft
Furthermore, every project’s overall security is the responsibility of embedded software developers. For both software and hardware development, each stage must be associated with an array of security standards and regulations.

The primary barrier to release efficient cycles is not the technological challenges. Instead, it is the dearth of skilled mobile developers.
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Look for developer talents
If you want your existing plan to remain relevant in the future, you must involve IT groups during the inception of IoT projects. As Internet of Things is used in different technologies, businesses must remain diligent and take into consideration the developer resources within the company, as well as external talent.

When it comes to establishing a robust software development team, you can choose from among three options:
  • You can recruit IoT developers in-house;
  • Consider outsourcing the task of IoT hardware and software development to talent located in another country;
  • A combination of these two alternatives.
Every alternative works well for specific requirements and purposes of a business. Needless to say, the context of a company with no experience in the field of embedded and IoT software development will find the first option to be inapplicable. Consequently, the options that are most commonly used include the outsourcing of IoT development or the juxtaposition of such a team with an in-house team software development team. 

Do note that both in-house and outsourced teams are capable of developing functional applications that augment your IoT investment’s value and reach. Since organizations today are more accepting of an open development construct, there is a need for IoT platforms to support several programming approaches aligning with the preferences of the developer.
IoT application development approaches
How can you spot a good embedded software engineer?
If you are looking to recruit a software development team for an embedded project, you must specify your technical requirements elaborately. Here are some of the skills that an experienced embedded software engineer must possess:


  • 3-5 years of experience working with C/C++ programming;
  • Fundamental protocols’ knowledge: I2C, SPI, UART, LIN along with advanced protocols: SATA, PCIe, USB, CAN, MOST;
  • Prior experience concerning microprocessor and microcontroller architectures;
  • Has substantial experience in working with General-Purpose Operating Systems (GPOS) and Real-Time Operating Systems;
  • Thorough understanding of networking technologies, including Ethernet, TCP/IP;
  • Robust understanding of different kinds of memory, such as RAM, ROM, and Flash;
  • Possesses holistic knowledge regarding design patterns and algorithms;
  • Fundamental knowledge of other complementary programming languages, such as Java, .Net, or Python.
  • Experience with different communication protocols (MQTT, Websocket, Zigbee, NFC, WiFi)
How can you find a vendor for Embedded software development?
When you are seeking an IoT solutions provider, there are three critical rules that one must follow. While it is important to consider a vendor’s expertise and track record, it is also important to take into consideration the potential IoT software development team’s technical skills. 

1

Go through your potential vendor’s portfolio about projects related to embedded systems and IoT.


2
Determine the must-have technical skills that your dedicated IoT software development team must possess to turn your ideas into practical systems.

3
Select the professionals with significant knowledge regarding embedded systems and hardware capabilities.
Wrap-up
Is your company all set to leverage the Internet of Things and make the most of its offerings? In industrial as well as consumer sectors, embedded devices are extensively used. This number is rising along with the demand for skilled embedded software developers. Establishing an in-house embedded software development team is often attributed to several risks and pitfalls. This can be avoided by recruiting an experienced hardware and software development company. In case you want to hire embedded software developers or a team for IoT software development services and want to ensure that you are successful with this shift, we are here to present you with IoT solutions that are extremely innovative and include modern technology and security systems.
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